When it comes to choosing skincare products, formulation is key. Instead of price points, focus on the ingredients and find out what they can do for your skin. By knowing what goes into skincare products, you can proactively work towards choosing safer products that benefit your skin.
Here is a basic guide to help you get started:
1) Avoid potential skin irritants
Colourants or artificial colouring are well-known potential skin irritants. They are typically added into skincare products to enhance appearance. Colourants do not impart any benefits for the skin and are best avoided by individuals with a sensitive skin type. Colourants are usually found in the ingredients list with names like Blue 1, Green 3, FD&C Yellow 6, etc.
2) Moisture matters
All skin types benefit from hydrating skincare products, as long as they are tailored to your skin’s needs. Check the ingredients list on moisturisers and lotions for emollients or humectants. Emollients soften, smoothen and soothe the skin by creating a protective film on skin to prevent water loss and keep skin supple . Humectants draw moisture from deep below the skin or humid surroundings and seal this moisture on the skin surface. Examples of emollients include macademia nut oil, shea butter or other plant oils, glyceryl stearate, dicaprylyl ether; while examples of humectants include glyceryl acrylate / acrylic acid copolymer, glycerine, propylene glycol, sodium PCA.
3) Less is more
Aim to include fewer products in your skincare regimen, with lesser ingredients in each product. The fewer products you use, the lower the probability of the ingredients reacting adversely with your skin or with each other. In the ingredients list, ingredients are usually ordered from the highest concentration to the least.
Tip: Your basic skincare should include a gentle cleanser, a moisturiser specific to your skin type, and sun protection.